Dominican Republic Currently enjoys a new constitution, which was
in 1994 and changed again during the tenure of the last President (2000
- 2004) and a stable democratic process that has been in place for that
last thirty years.
The democratically represented government
is divided principally into three branches. Executive,
which is represented by the President and his cabinet. Legislative,
which is represented by a two house system of senators and deputies.
represented by a national judicial council ~ designed to separate politics
from judicial appointment process.
The President of the
country is democratically
elected and holds one term for four years. The constitution
in 1994 prohits re-election for consectutive periods, where as the
latest changes made during the last adminsitration basically nullifies
this previous restriction. The President
of the country appoints a cabinet of ministers to handle certain
or direct certain government policies. The President is also the
head of state and is commander in chief of the armed forces. The
President is elected via an election which is distinct and separate
elections for represntatives of the legislature.
<>The democratically elected legislative
branch consists of the congress, which is split between the Senate and
Chamber of Deputies. A system almost identical to the US government
Senators are elected to a four year term
and there are 30 seats in the senate. One seat for each of the nation's
29 provinces, and the National District ~ which is in effect the 30 Th
The members of the Chamber of Deputies
are also elected to a four year term, and are elected based upon their
representation of the population at large. Each member, in theory,
represents a constituency of 50,000 people. Since there are currently
145 members of the chamber, that puts the general polulation of the country
at about 7.2 million people. As the population changes with the next
census, the number of deputies should increase or change to reflect the
new population levels.
The judicial branch at the national level,
consists of a national judicial council. This National Judicial Council
has the responsibility of appointing judges independently and separately
from the political process. The system of law in the country is Civil
Law and this system of an independent judiciary branch is based upon the
system currently used in France. For more information on the courts and
legal system, please see our other section covering this topic.